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ARTICLE
Year : 2002  |  Volume : 2  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 15-17

Oral health in the District of Hassan, Karnataka State - An epidemiological study


1 Lecturer, Dept of Community Dentistry, Mahatma Gandhi Dental College and Hospital, Pondicherry, India
2 Lecturer in statistics, Department of Community Dentistry, S.D.M. College of Dental Sciences and Hospital, Sattur, Dharwad, India
3 Professor and Head, Department of Community Dentistry, S.D.M. College of Dental Sciences and Hospital, Sattur, Dharwad, India

Correspondence Address:
J Joseph
Lecturer, Dept of Community Dentistry, Mahatma Gandhi Dental College and Hospital, Pondicherry
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


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An oral health survey was undertaken in Hassan district of Karnataka to obtain baseline data of oral health status. A multi-stage sampling design was adopted. The results showed that 63.60% of subjects used toothbrush and paste to maintain oral hygiene. 36% reported having deleterious habits. The prevalence of dental caries in the primary dentition was 42.67% and in permanent dentition 37.51%. The dmft ranged from 1.02 in 11 years to 3.10 in 8 year age group. DMFT varied from 0.06 in 8 years to 5.05 in 65 years and over. Assessment of periodontal status showed that only a very small percentage (6.03%) of the examined sample was free from periodontal disease. The percentage of population requiring one surface filling, two or more surface filling, crown, veneer/laminate, pulpcare, extraction were 25.67%, 21.28%, 1.48%, 0.89%, 7.34% and 27.39% respectively. There was an unmet need for prosthesis particularly in the older age groups. Other disorders were found to be very minimal.


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