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ARTICLE
Year : 2005  |  Volume : 5  |  Issue : 5  |  Page : 20-35

Health Status, Treatment Requirements, Knowledge and Attitude towards Oral Health of Police Recruits in Karnataka


Dept. of Preventive & Community Dentistry, HP Dental College, Shimla, India

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A study was conducted to assess the oral health status and treatment needs of 1293 police recruits/trainees attending 8 Police Training Schools in Karnataka. The data was collected by clinical examination and through a bi-lingual questionnaire using the WHO Basic Oral Health Assessment form (1986). It was observed that the prevalence of dental caries and periodontal disease was relatively high. 74% subjects suffered from dental caries and the prevalence of DT increased with age. While MT was more pronounced in the 48-57 year age group, DT was more commonly seen in the 18-27 year age group. The percentage of subjects affected by D, M & F were 69, 15 and 4% respectively. 91% subjects suffered from some form of periodontal disorder and the severity increased with age. The number of healthy sextants were more in the 18-27 year age group than in other age groups. The frequency of visit to the dentist – once a year, accounted for 33% and rurally located schools recorded 23%. Around 33% cleaned their teeth once a day and the average at the urban schools was higher than at rurally located schools. The association between diet and dental caries & periodontal disease was statistically significant. 71% subjects required restorative care. The high level of untreated dental disease seemed to be due to lack of dental awareness and lack of in-house facilities for oral health care delivery.


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