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ARTICLE
Year : 2006  |  Volume : 4  |  Issue : 8  |  Page : 11-17

Assessment of Awareness Level of Habits among the Rural Residents: A Need for Fresh Approach


Chennai Dental Research Foundatwn, Dr. Radhakrishnan Salai, Mylapore, Chennai 600004, India

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Objective: To find out the awareness of chewing arecanut, smoking and alcohol consumption among the rural residents of Sriperambudur Taluk Methods: A community-based survey was conducted in two villages and their colonies being randomly selected from 168 villages. Data was collected using pre tested semi structured questionnaire from 350 residents of the study population. The survey was conducted for a period of one month. Results: Habits initiate during adolescence. The community indulges in chewing arecanut due to leisure time, smoking for fun and consumption of alcoholic beverages due to frustration and tension. About 95% of the study participants are unaware of the ingredients and 99% of them reported they are no benefits any of these habits. There were statistical differences between males and females in regard to the adverse health effects of chewing (p = O.OOl) and smoking (p < O.OOl). 71.3% of the female participants consider consumption of alcohol being the most harmful compared to males (47.7%). Females get the source of information from their neighborhood and relatives, whereas 77% of the males get it from their friends. Discussion: The prevalence of habits is higher among males and thus there is a need to improve the awareness regarding habits through peer counseling as a fresh approach to decrease the prevalence.


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