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ARTICLE
Year : 2011  |  Volume : 9  |  Issue : 17  |  Page : 30-37

Caries experience, caries pattern and treatment needs in 2-3 and 4-6 year old urban and non-urban pre-school children


1 Public Health Dentistry, Navodhaya Dental College, Raichur, Bangalore, India
2 Government Dental College & Research Institute, Fort Bangalore - 560 002, India

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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


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Aim: To assess the caries experience, caries pattern and treatment needs in 2-3 and 4-6 year old urban and non-urban preschool children. Introduction: Dental caries is one of the most prevalent disease of man and is the principal cause of tooth mortality in young. Dental caries remains an unsolved problem affecting preschool children throughout the world. Thus a study was done to compare caries experience, caries pattern and treatment needs in 2-3 and 4-6yr old urban and non- urban preschool children. Material and methods: The study was conducted in 2-3 yr and 4-6 yr old children of Bangalore, an urban metropolitan area and in Puttur, Dakshina Kannada(D.K), a non-urban area situated 50 kms from Mangalore. A sample size of 250 in 2-3 yr and 4-6yr old children in each region was statistically decided and a questionnaire was administered to their parents. Dental caries was diagnosed according to WHO criteria and recorded on WHO oral health assessment form (1986) simplified. The chi-squared test and Z-test were used for statistical analysis, p less than 0.05 was selected for describing levels of significance. Results: The caries free children in 2-3 and 4-6yr-old age group were significantly higher in urban than non-urban children (p < 0.0001). Conclusion: Oral health education should be provided as a means of maintaining good state of health. This should become the main component of the population preventive oral health strategy.


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