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ARTICLE
Year : 2011  |  Volume : 9  |  Issue : 17  |  Page : 51-56

Dental Caries Experience, Periodontal Status and wear of Tooth among Adult Patients at De-addiction Centers of Ghaziabad District


1 Dept.of Public Heath Dentistry, Dept. of Public Health Dentistry, l.T.S Centre for Dental Studies & Research, Delhi-Meerut Road, Muradnagar, Ghaziabad 201206 (U.P.), India
2 Dept. of Periodontics, Dept. of Public Health Dentistry, l.T.S Centre for Dental Studies & Research, Delhi-Meerut Road, Muradnagar, Ghaziabad 201206 (U.P.), India
3 Dept. of Public Health Dentistry, l.T.S Centre for Dental Studies & Research, Delhi-Meerut Road, Muradnagar, Ghaziabad 201206 (U.P.), India

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Background: Concomitant use of psychotropic substances such as Alcohol, Drugs and Tobacco deteriorates the health status of the individuals. Alcohol being a toxic substance, its consumption is associated with high risk of dental erosion in the alcoholic patients, particularly susceptible to tooth wear lesions. Drug abusers are unconcerned with their personal hygiene, whose main concern in life is obtaining their next dose of drug. Tobacco abuse may lead to potentially malignant states or may predispose to oral infections by compromising local immunity. Aim: To assess the Dental Caries Experience, Periodontal Status and Wear of tooth among adult patients at De-addiction Centers of Ghaziabad District. Materials and Method: A study was conducted in 8 de-addiction centers and hospitals at Ghaziabad district in adult patients aged above 30 years were included. (n = 402, male = 361, female = 41). All the subjects present in the de-addiction centers at the time of examination were included. The assessment was carried out for dental caries experience, periodontal status and wear of tooth among the patients at the de-addiction centers by using Modified WHO Proforma. Results: The prevalence of dental caries was 70.15% with mean DMFf 2.24. The prevalence of periodontal disease was 83.3% with loss of attachment present in 53.3% which is directly associated with sex, increase in age, habit and duration of habit. The prevalence of tooth wear was 94% (in maxillary teeth it is more severe in anteriors 39% than posteriors 16.4%) with 100% in 40 to 49 years as compared to 87.2% in 30 to 39 years of patient and also associated with duration of habit 100% in more than 5 years of addict to 91.3% in less than 5 years of addict. Conclusion: It was concluded that most of the addict suffer from periodontal disease and dental caries. Almost all the addicts were suffering from tooth wear. Prevalence of periodontal disease and tooth wear increasing with age, habit and duration of habit.


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