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ARTICLE
Year : 2011  |  Volume : 9  |  Issue : 18  |  Page : 683-689

Assessment of oral signs, symptoms and lesions in Patient suffering from chronic renal failure


1 Professor and Head, Dept. of Public Health Dentistry, Sibar Institute of Dental Sciences, Guntur, India
2 Professor, Dept. of Public Health Dentistry, Sibar Institute of Dental Sciences, Guntur, India
3 Senior Lecturer, Dept. of Public Health Dentistry, Sibar Institute of Dental Sciences, Guntur, India

Correspondence Address:
K.V.N.R. Prathap
Professor and Head, Dept. of Public Health Dentistry, Sibar Institute of Dental Sciences, Guntur
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


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Background: Chronic renal failure is defined as a progressive decline of the renal function associated with the reduced glomerular filtration rate and the incidence of this global threat to health has been on rise in the recent past in the developing countries like India. The life expectancy of these patients has increased as a result of the better medical support available and such patients demand a better oral health care. Objective: To assess the oral signs, symptoms and lesions in the patient suffering from chronic renal failure among the general population of the Guntur District and the time dependent changes in the oral manifestations. Methodology: A descriptive cross-sectional assessment was conducted among the general population of the Guntur district and 100 persons were evaluated. Random samples were collected and standard performa was prepared in order to elicit the details of the oral manifestations among the patients with this disease. Results: Among the 100 study sample, the prevalence of the oral signs and symptoms of higher incidence were 67% with uremic fetor, 65% with xerostomia and 62% with unpleasant taste. The various oral lesions prevalent were 73% patients were reported with dry, fissured lips, 23% were showing different types of candidiasis, 32% showed saburral tongue. 22% of the patients were detected with enamel hypoplasia and 98% of the patient showed low carious index. Conclusion: The patient with chronic renal failure had high prevalence of uremic fetor, xerostomia, unpleasant taste along with dry, fissured lips, saburral tongue and candidiasis and such patient also showed a poor oral hygiene with low caries index.


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