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ARTICLE
Year : 2011  |  Volume : 9  |  Issue : 18  |  Page : 72-78

Dentition status and treatment needs and association with socio-economic status, gazetted status and oral hygiene practices of State Government employees in Shimla City, Himachal Pradesh


1 Senior Lecturer, Dept. of Public Health Dentistry, H.P.Govt. Dental College and Hospital, Shimla (H.P.), India
2 Professor and Head, Dept. of Preventive and Community Dentistry, M.M. College of Dental Sciences and Research, Mullana, Ambala, Haryana, India
3 Professor and Head, Dept. of Pedodontics, H.P.Govt. Dental College and Hospital, Shimla (H.P.), India

Correspondence Address:
V K Bhardwaj
Senior Lecturer, Dept. of Public Health Dentistry, H.P.Govt. Dental College and Hospital, Shimla (H.P.)
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


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Objectives: To assess dentition status and treatment needs and association with socioeconomic status, gazetted status and oral hygiene practices among state government employees in Shimla city, Himachal Pradesh in India Design: Cross-sectional study. Participants: This study was conducted on 1008 dentate subject 705 (69.9%) males and 303 (30.1%) females out of 10908 government employees. Data regarding dentition status and treatment needs was recorded on a W.H.O. format 1997. Type III examination was conducted under good illumination by the investigator himself. Results: Total teeth examined were 29575 out of which 14.84% were decayed. Overall mean DMFT was 3.29 (1.86). Females were reported significantly higher (p<0.05) DMFT 3.49 (2.31) than males 3.12 (1.42).Subjects with higher SES had lesser mean DMFT than lower SES. Employees who brush their teeth once a day presented with higher DMFT than those who brush once daily. The difference was highly significant (p < 0.001).Gazetted officers had significantly lower (p<0.05) mean DMFT than non gazette employees. 'D' component presented the major proportion of the caries index. Conclusions: A preventive and curative oral health policy for the government employees in Shimla city needs to be planned and implemented to maintain their commitment in their official work.


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