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ARTICLE
Year : 2011  |  Volume : 9  |  Issue : 18  |  Page : 910-914

Oral health status and treatment needs among institutionalized elderly in Ghaziabad


1 Professor and Head, Dept. of Public Health Dentistry, I.T.S Centre for Dental Studies and Research, Muradnagar, Ghaziabad (U.P.), India
2 Senior Lecturer, Dept. of Public Health Dentistry, I.T.S Centre for Dental Studies and Research, Muradnagar, Ghaziabad (U.P.), India
3 Senior Lecturer, Dept. of Public Health Dentistry, Sudha Rustagi Dental College, Faridabad, India
4 P.G. Student, Dept. of Public Health Dentistry, I.T.S Centre for Dental Studies and Research, Muradnagar, Ghaziabad (U.P.), India

Correspondence Address:
Sumanth Prasad
Professor and Head, Dept. of Public Health Dentistry, I.T.S Centre for Dental Studies and Research, Muradnagar, Ghaziabad (U.P.)
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


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Objective: A cross sectional study was conducted to assess the prevalence of periodontal status, oro mucosal lesions, prosthetic status and needs among institutionalized elderly of Ghaziabad. Materials and Method: All the subjects present in the institution at the time of examination were included. The assessment was carried out for periodontal status, oro mucosal lesions, prosthetic status and needs among the institutionalized elderly population of Ghaziabad using WHO oral health survey 1997. Statistical package SPSS 18.0 was used to analyze the data. Results: A total of 203 subjects were examined with the mean age of 68.276.39 years. 56.8% reported discontinuing a toothbrush. Around 45.5% had no functional teeth. 83.7% did not visit dentist in the past 3 months, 12.8% had leukoplakia, mostly affecting the buccal mucosa, 34.5% of the individuals wore prosthesis. Conclusion: Education for maintenance of oral hygiene and regular dental checkup should be stressed upon with focus on prosthetic care.


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