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ARTICLE
Year : 2011  |  Volume : 9  |  Issue : 5  |  Page : 468-471

Assessment of the Influence of Frequency and duration of Smoking on the Periodontal Health among Employees of Nuclaer Power Station Kaiga, Karwar


Dept of Community Dentistry, Maitri College of Dentistry and Research Center, Durg

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Objectives: This study was conducted to assess the influence of frequency and duration of smoking on the periodontal status and to compare the periodontal status among young smokers and non-smokers. Materials and Methods: This study was conducted among 961 employees of Nuclear power station kaiga, karawar, Karnataka. Information on smoking habits along with frequency and duration was collected by using a specially designed format. The periodontal status was recorded by using CPI index. Data was analyzed using SPSS. Results: Mean number of sextants per individual with periodontal pocket measuring 4 mm or more was observed significantly higher (p<0.001) in smokers compared to non-smokers. Mean number of sextants per individual with loss of attachment of 4 mm or more was observed significantly higher (p<0.001) in smokers compared to non-smokers. Severity of Periodontal disease was evident with increase in frequency and duration of cigarette smoking. The risk of developing periodontal pocket and loss of attachment was 9 times and 6 times more among smokers respectively. Conclusion: The severity of periodontal disease depends on the frequency and duration of smoking habit. Therefore smoking is risk factor which is strongly associated with periodontal problem.


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