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Year : 2011  |  Volume : 9  |  Issue : 6  |  Page : 528-532

Evaluation of Pattern of Impacted Third Molars and their Associated Symptoms amongst the Rural Population of Muradnagar, Ghaziabad

Department of Community Dentistry, I.T.S - Centre for dental studies and research, Delhi - Meerut road, Muradnagar, Ghaziabad-201206. Uttar Pradesh, India

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The purpose of this study was to determine the symptoms and pathology associated with impacted third molar and its distribution between the jaws amongst rural population of Muradnagar, Ghaziabad. The sample for this study consisted of 348 patients, ranging from 21-35 years. The patients had a total of 436 impacted teeth and were examined for the type of impactions and associated symptoms/pathology. The results showed that 327 (75.00%) of the impactions were associated with pain, 300 (68.67%) were associated with pericoronitis, 166 (38.07%) were associated with caries and 13 (2.91%) were associated with cysts. More impacted teeth were seen in females i.e. 198 (56.90%), than in males i.e. 150 (43.10%). The results also show that when classified according 101 (23.16 %) were in position I, 283 (64.92 %) were in position II, while 52 (11.92 %) were in position III. 258 (59.17 %) impactions were in position A, 134 (30.72 %) were in position B while 44 (10.01 %) were in position C. From the above data, it can be concluded that impacted mandibular third molars are remarkably symptomatic and are associated with pathology, and may warrant the need for their removal. There is need for further studies to determine the levels of impaction, the types of anesthesia used during extraction and the outcome.

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