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ARTICLE
Year : 2012  |  Volume : 10  |  Issue : 19  |  Page : 63-70

Oral soft tissue lesion and developmental variation among school children in Malebennur, South India


1 Reader, Department Of Public Health Dentistry, M S Ramaiah Dental College and Hospital, Bangalore, India
2 Senior Lecturer, Department Of Public Health Dentistry, M S Ramaiah Dental College and Hospital, Bangalore, India
3 Reader, Department of Public Health Dentistry Jaipur Dental College, Jaipur, Rajasthan state, India

Correspondence Address:
Veeranna Ramesh
Reader, Department Of Public Health Dentistry, M S Ramaiah Dental College and Hospital, Bangalore - 560054 Karnataka State
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


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Introduction and objective: The occurrence and distribution of oral soft tissue lesions and developmental variations are very common and wide spread. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the prevalence of oral soft tissue lesions and developmental variations in school children ofMalebennur population which would aid in oral differential diagnosis and also provide a basis for comparison with other populations. Methodology: A total of 398 available students in age group of 6-12 years belonging to Biralingeshwara School in Malebennur village constituted the study population. Study design- Cross-sectional survey. Diagnosis was arrived using the Clinical criteria's for Oral soft tissue lesions and Developmental variations as per World Health Organization guidelines and standard clinical definition given by text books. Informed consent was obtained from every student and their parents participating in the study prior to dental examination. The data obtained was compiled, tabulated and analyzed by applying Chi-square test for assessing statistical significance between groups. Results: 29.9% of the school children had one or the other type of oral soft tissue lesions or developmental variations. Angular chelitis was the most common oral soft tissue lesions with 32.7% among the study population affected, followed by Fissured tongue 19.3%; Dentoalveolar abscess 17.6% ; Traumatic ulcer 11.8% and the remaining formed 18.5% which includes Acute Necrotizing Ulcerative Gingivitis, Papilloma, Geographic tongue, Herpes labialis, Aphthous ulcer, Focal epithelial hyperplasia and Commissural pits. Other conditions like Cleft lip and Palate, Median rhomboid glossitis, Ankyloglossia, Bifid tongue, Macroglossia and Microglossia were also evaluated but there was not a single case recorded. Conclusion: Such data would not only give additional information concerning the incidence of oral diseases but also enhances the responsibility of the dentist in planning and implementing total oral care for children.


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