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ARTICLE
Year : 2013  |  Volume : 11  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 1-5

Prevalence of dental caries among 12 and 15 year old school children in Government schools of Marathahalli area of Bangalore city


1 Post Graduate Student, Dept, o f Public Health Dentistry, Dr. Syamala Reddy Dental College, Hospital and Research Centre, Bangalore, India
2 Professor and HOD, Dept, o f Public Health Dentistry, Dr. Syamala Reddy Dental College, Hospital and Research Centre, Bangalore, India
3 Professor, Dept, o f Public Health Dentistry, Dr. Syamala Reddy Dental College, Hospital and Research Centre, Bangalore, India
4 Reader, Dept, o f Public Health Dentistry, Dr. Syamala Reddy Dental College, Hospital and Research Centre, Bangalore, India

Correspondence Address:
Bhaskar Gupta
Final Year PG Student, Dept, o f Public Health Dentistry, Dr. Syamala Reddy Dental College, Hospital and Research Centre, 111/1, SGR College Main Road, Munnekolala, Marathahalli, Bangalore-56037
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


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Background: Dental caries continues to be a major public health problem and most prevalentoral disease, especially among children in developing countries like India.Aim: To assess the prevalence of dental caries among 12 and 15 year old school children ingovernment schools of Marathahalli area of Bangalore city. Methodology: A cross-sectional study was conducted among 312 children (155 boys and 157girls) of age 12 and 15 year, chosen from government schools of Marathahalli area of Bangalore city.Clinical examination was carried out and caries was recorded using DMFT index as per WHOcriteria, 1997. Significant Caries Index (SiC index) was also calculated using DMFT data. Data wasanalysed using SPSS version 13. Chi-square and't' test were used, p < 0.05 was consideredsignificant. Results: The prevalence of dental caries in the present study was 33.65%. The mean DMFT andSiC index values for 12 year olds were 0.51}0.95 and 1.52 and for 15 year olds were 0.80}1.27 and2.16 respectively. The mean DMFT and SiC values for boys were 0.52}0.89 and 1.54 and for girlswere 0.68}1.20 and 2.00 respectively. The decayed component DT (66%) constituted the main partof DMFT scores followed by filled FT (50 %) among 12 year old age group while filled componentFT (50%) was higher than the decayed component DT (34%) among 15 year olds. Conclusion: The present study reveals a prevalence of 33.65% of dental caries with a largeamount of untreated carious lesions among these age groups. The results suggest formulation ofpreventive oral health policies and programs, which includes early identification of high-riskpatients and individualized treatment needs.


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