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ARTICLE
Year : 2013  |  Volume : 11  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 12-18

A study on periodontal disease and systemic disease relationship a hospital based study in Bangalore


1 Senior Resident, Public Health Dentistry, Maulana Azad Institute of Dental Sciences, B. S. ZafarMarg, New Delhi, India
2 Associate Professor, Public Health Dentistry, Government Dental College & Research Institute, Bangalore, India
3 Professor & HOD, Public Health Dentistry, The Oxford Dental College & Hospital, Bangalore, India
4 Professor & HOD, Dept, o f Public Health Dentistry, Government Dental College & Research Institute, Bangalore, India
5 Private Practitioner, Oberoi Dental Clinic and Orthodontic centre, Tagore Garden, New Delhi, India

Correspondence Address:
Sukhvinder Singh Oberoi
Senior Resident, Public Health Dentistry, Maulana Azad Institute o f Dental Sciences, Bahadur Shah Zafar Marg, New Delhi
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


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Background: Periodontal deterioration has been reported to be associated with various systemic conditions like Cardiovascular disease, Diabetes, Respiratory disease, Liver cirrhosis, Bacterial Pneumonia, Nutritional deficiencies and adverse pregnancy outcomes. Aim: To assess the periodontal disease among patients with systemic disease/conditions. Materials and Method: A total of 500 patients with systemic disease/conditions (Diabetes, Cardiovascular disease, Respiratory disease and Renal disease) and 500-age and gender matched controls without systemic disease/conditions were selected from the Government Hospitals in Bangalore City. The medical conditions were recorded and the periodontal status of the study population was assessed using the CPITN index. Results: The prevalence of CPITN Code 4 was found to be more among the patients with systemic disease/conditions (46.2%). The mean number of sextants with CPITN code 3 and 4 were more among the patients with systemic disease/conditions. The prevalence of CPITN code was found to be more among the patients with Respiratory disease whereas the mean number of sextants was found to be more among the patients with Diabetes, Cardiovascular and Renal disease. Conclusion: It may be concluded that the systemic diseases/conditions are associated with higher severity of periodontal disease.


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