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ARTICLE
Year : 2013  |  Volume : 11  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 31-35

Evaluation of facial image scale and Venham picture test used to assess dental anxiety in children


1 Associate Professor, Department of Oral Pathology and Microbiology, Government Dental College & Research Institute, Bangalore - 560002, India
2 Professor and Head, Department of Oral Pathology and Microbiology, Government Dental College & Research Institute, Bangalore - 560002, India
3 Associate Professor, Department of Prosthodontics, Government Dental College & Research Institute, Bangalore - 560002, India
4 Post graduate student, Department of Pedodontics & Preventive Dentistry, Government Dental College & Research Institute, Bangalore - 560002, India

Correspondence Address:
Srinath Krishnappa
Associate Professor, Department of Oral Pathology and Microbiology, Government Dental College & Research Institute, Bangalore - 560002
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


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Aim: To evaluate two short term anxiety rating scales, Facial Image Scale (FIS) and Venham Picture Test, (VPT) that have been used to assess anxiety in children before dental treatment. Materials & Method: Fifty two children aged 6-12 years, who visited the Pediatric Dentistry Department for the first time and whose parents/guardians agreed to take part were included in the study. Anxiety of children was measured on both FIS and VPT scales while they were waiting for treatment in the waiting room. Results: A weak correlation was found between the Facial Image Scale (FIS) and the Venham Picture Test(VPT). (r = 0.087, n = 52 ,p> 0.05) however, the mean anxiety ratings of the two scales did not differ significantly. (t=0.660,/΋>0.05). Conclusions: The findings suggested that both the scales are valid means of assessing child dental anxiety in a clinical context.


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