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ARTICLE
Year : 2013  |  Volume : 11  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 36-43

Malocclusion and orthodontic treatment needs among adolescents in Nellore District of Andhra pradesh, India


1 Senior Lecturer, Department o f Public Health Dentistry, Sree Sai Dental College and Research Institute, Srikakulam, Andhra Pradesh, India
2 Professor & Head, Dept, o f Public Health Dentistry, Narsinhbhai Patel Dental College & Hospital, Visnagar, India
3 Professor & Head, Dept, of Public Health Dentistry, K VG Dental College& Hospital, Sullia, India
4 Reader, Department o f Public Health Dentistry, Narayana Dental College, Nellore, Andhra Pradesh, India

Correspondence Address:
Sudhakar Kaipa
Senior Lecturer, Department of Public Health Dentistry, Sree Sai Dental College and Research Institute, Srikakulam, Andhra Pradesh
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


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Background: Malocclusion is misalignment of teeth and /or incorrect relation between the teeth of the dental arches. It leads to various unfavorable psychological and social sequelae. The concept of early diagnosis of malocclusion plays a very important role in identifying the disease and performing the treatment. Objectives: To assess the prevalence and severity of malocclusion and to determine orthodontic treatment needs among 13-15 year old school children inNellore district of Andhra Pradesh. Materials & Method: A descriptive cross sectional study was undertaken among a total of 2126 school children aged 13-15 years. Dental Aesthetic Index was used to assess malocclusion. Results: About 50.8% of them had dental appearance for whom orthodontic treatment need was 'slight' or 'not indicated and one third of them (31%) needed elective treatment. The rest of the children had dental appearance varying from severe to handicapping malocclusion for whom treatment was highly desirable (10.2%) or mandatory (8%). Conclusions: Forty nine percent of adolescents from Nellore district of Andhra Pradesh were in need of orthodontic treatment for dental health reasons. Among the components of Dental Aesthetic Index, incisal segment crowding was mainly responsible for allocating subjects into the group of malocclusion and orthodontic treatment need. The importance in having this data is in influencing policy makers and government officials to design health education programs and preventive orthodontic treatment programs.


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