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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2014  |  Volume : 12  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 179-184

Factors influencing the perceived orthodontic treatment need and its relationship with awareness of malocclusion among college adolescents


1 Department of Anatomy, Navodaya Dental College, Raichur, Karnataka, India
2 Department of Prosthodontics, Navodaya Dental College, Raichur, Karnataka, India
3 Department of Community Medicine, Smt. Kashibai Navale Medical College, Pune, Maharashtra, India
4 Department of Internee, Navodaya Medical College, Raichur, Karnataka, India
5 Department of Pharmacology, Navodaya Medical College, Raichur, Karnataka, India

Correspondence Address:
Abhay B Mane
Department of Community Medicine, Smt. Kashibai Navale Medical College, Narhe, Pune 411 041, Maharashtra
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/2319-5932.144789

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Introduction: The orthodontic need assessment is of interest for dental public health programs. The major factors determining a patient's perceived need for orthodontic treatment may be aesthetic, functional, financial, or social. Adolescents seeking orthodontic treatment have been found to have poorer aesthetics than their peers, but whether poor aesthetics alone generates greater treatment demand has not been determined in the Indian context. Objective: The aim was to study the factors determining perceived orthodontic treatment need among college adolescents. Materials and Methods: A total of 448 adolescents between 17 and 19 years of age were selected randomly from the colleges. Data were collected on pretested and standardized questionnaire. Perceived need for orthodontic treatment was assessed by asking question to the participants. Dental Esthetic Index (DAI) was used to assess the severity of malocclusion. Results: The prevalence of malocclusion was 21.6% as per DAI. The perceived need for orthodontic treatment was 11.2%, though the level of dissatisfaction with dental appearance was 19.2%. No agreement was seen between the treatment need assessed objectively by DAI and that perceived by the patient. The determinants for perceived and normative orthodontic treatment need were socioeconomic status (SES), awareness of malocclusion, dissatisfaction with dental appearance and avoided smile due to dental appearance. The positive correlation between perceived and normative need was statistically significant. Conclusion: The uptake of orthodontic care may be influenced by SES, awareness of malocclusion; dissatisfaction with dental appearance, perceived need and DAI score.


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