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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2015  |  Volume : 13  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 133-137

The association between psychological stress and recurrent aphthous stomatitis among medical and dental student cohorts in an educational setup in India


1 Department of Prosthodontics, Drs. SNR Siddhartha Institute of Dental Sciences, Chinaoutpalli, Gannavarm, Krishna district, Andhra Pradesh
2 Public Health Dentistry, Drs. SNR Siddhartha Institute of Dental Sciences, Chinaoutpalli, Gannavarm, Krishna district, Andhra Pradesh
3 Department of Oral Medicine and Radiology, Drs. SNR Siddhartha Institute of Dental Sciences, Chinaoutpalli, Gannavarm, Krishna district, Andhra Pradesh

Correspondence Address:
Sudhakar Vundavalli
Department of Public Health Dentistry, Drs. SNR Siddhartha Institute of Dental Sciences, Chinaoutpalli, Gannavarm, Krishna district, Andhra Pradesh

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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/2319-5932.159047

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Introduction: Aphthous stomatitis is very common, affecting about 20-60% of the normal individuals to some degree. Although its etiology is not well-understood, it is multifactorial, and stress could be one possible triggering factor. Aims: The aim was to assess the prevalence of aphthous stomatitis and its association with psychological stress in both medical and dental graduate students. Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted in 275 medical and dental student cohorts of an educational setup in India. Data were collected using a self-administered questionnaire, information regarding psychological stress, and 1-year period prevalence of aphthous stomatitis was collected. Data analysis was done with SPSS software version 20 (Chicago Inc., IL, USA). Categorical variables were compared using Chi-square test and comparison between mean stress scores and aphthous stomatitis was done with ANOVA and binary logistic regression was done. P ≤0.05 was considered as statistically significant. Results: The prevalence of aphthous stomatitis in the study population was 78.1% and males were more commonly affected than females. Among the student cohorts, final year MBBS and final year BDS students were highly affected than others, which is statistically significant. Conclusions: Stress increases the risk of aphthous stomatitis. Stress management strategies are necessary for medical and dental graduate students.


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