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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2018  |  Volume : 16  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 22-25

Association between overweight and dental caries among 8-13 year old school children in central India


1 Department of Public Health Dentistry, VSPM Dental College and Research Centre, Nagpur, Maharastra, India
2 Oral and Dental Care Centre, Sagar, India
3 Department of Periodontics, Mithila Minority Dental College and Hospital, Darbhanga, Bihar, India
4 SIMS College of Physiotherapy, Guntur, Andhra Pradesh, India
5 Sankalchand Patel College of Engineering, Visnagar, Gujarat, India
6 Hazaribag College of Dental Sciences and Hospital, Hazaribag, Jharkand, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. K Venugopal Reddy
Professor and Head, Department of Public Health Dentistry, VSPM Dental College and Research Centre, Nagpur, Maharastra
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/jiaphd.jiaphd_91_17

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Introduction: Overweight is becoming a major public health problem in the modern world. The prevalence of this disorder is steadily growing globally affecting majority of the population, especially children resulting from a paradigm shift in the lifestyle of the modern generation. On the other hand, dental caries is a dental problem worldwide. The magnitude of the disease is increasing in recent years among child population due to modern dietary habits. Aim: This study aims to find an association between overweight and dental caries among 8–13-year-old school children in Bhopal, India and to analyze the role of demographic variables on the association. Materials and Methods: A total of 353 school children aged 8–13 years were recruited from four randomly selected schools located at four different geographic zones of Bhopal city. Body mass index for age was recorded for assessing overweight using Centers for Disease Control growth curves. Dental caries was recorded based on the WHO criteria 1997. Data were analyzed. P < 0.05 was considered statistically significant. Results: The prevalence of dental caries among school children was 57.5% and overweight was 33.7%. A significant association between dental caries and overweight was observed (P < 0.05). Socioeconomic status was found to be the predictor of dental caries among overweight children. Conclusion: There was an association between overweight and dental caries in school children. Overweight and dental caries have common risk determinants and require a comprehensive multidisciplinary approach by health professionals.


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