Home About us Editorial board Ahead of print Current issue Search Archives Submit article Instructions Subscribe Contacts Login 
ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2018  |  Volume : 16  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 303-307

Prevalence and pattern of maxillofacial trauma in North Chennai: A retrospective study


1 Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Tamil Nadu Government Dental College and Hospital, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India
2 Department of Public Health Dentistry, Tamil Nadu Government Dental College and Hospital, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India
3 Department of Prosthodontics and Crown and Bridge, Tamil Nadu Government Dental College and Hospital, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India
4 Department of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics, Tamil Nadu Government Dental College and Hospital, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. M B. Aswath Narayanan
Department of Public Health Dentistry, Tamil Nadu Government Dental College and Hospital, No. 2 Frazer Bridge Road, Park Town, Chennai - 600 003, Tamil Nadu
India
Login to access the Email id

Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/jiaphd.jiaphd_60_18

Rights and Permissions

Introduction: Trauma is one of the leading causes of death and disability in the world. Maxillofacial injuries cause fractures and disfigurement of different parts of the face and oral cavity. Aim: The aim is to find the prevalence and pattern of maxillofacial trauma in the Department of Dental Surgery, Government Stanley Medical College, Chennai from June 2013, to March 2014. Materials and Methods: The retrospective study of 153 maxillofacial trauma patient's data from the Department of Dental Surgery of Government Stanley Medical College, Chennai from March 2012 to February 2014. Type, cause, and age-wise distribution of the injuries and the influence of alcohol on the injuries were assessed. Results: Majority of the victims were males and from 20 to 30 years age group. Road traffic accidents were found to be the major cause (74%) and out of that 67% occurred under the influence of alcohol consumption and 85% cases were grievous. Injuries to teeth were found more common in the younger age group, and injuries to soft tissue were found more common in elderly persons. Influence of alcohol has been found to have a strong association with the severity of injuries (P < 0.05). Conclusion: This study points out that road traffic accidents are more common with alcohol consumption being the major contributing factor. This has to be taken seriously into consideration by the policymakers so that preventive programs aimed at behavioral modifications in the society are promoted.


[FULL TEXT] [PDF]*
Print this article     Email this article
 Next article
 Previous article
 Table of Contents

 Similar in PUBMED
   Search Pubmed for
   Search in Google Scholar for
 Related articles
 Citation Manager
 Access Statistics
 Reader Comments
 Email Alert *
 Add to My List *
 * Requires registration (Free)
 

 Article Access Statistics
    Viewed73    
    Printed0    
    Emailed0    
    PDF Downloaded24    
    Comments [Add]    

Recommend this journal