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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2019  |  Volume : 17  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 328-332

Prevalence of traumatic dental injuries among 5–16-year-old children and knowledge of teachers in the management of traumatic dental injuries


Department of Public Health Dentistry, Sardar Patel Post Graduate Institute of Dental and Medical Sciences, Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Mayank Das
Department of Public Health Dentistry, Sardar Patel Post Graduate Institute of Dental and Medical Sciences, Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/jiaphd.jiaphd_185_18

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Background: Dental injuries may occur throughout life. Traumatic dental injuries (TDIs) are a very significant problem among children. The main etiology was fall, fight, and sports activities. They were associated with biological, socioeconomic, and psychological factors. Aim: The aim of the study was to investigate the prevalence of TDI among 5–16-year-old schoolgoing children and knowledge in emergency management of dental injury among teachers. Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional study was carried out among 5–16-year-old schoolgoing children. A cluster random sampling method was used among 500 schoolchildren from different schools, and 100 schoolteachers were selected. Data were collected using the questionnaire form, and clinical dental examination was performed using the WHO Oral Health Assessment Form 2013. Statistical analysis was performed using the Statistical Package for the Social Sciences version 20.0. The Chi-square test was used to compare the results. All values were considered statistically significant at P < 0.05. Results: The prevalence of traumatic injury in male and female was 59.2% and 40.8%, respectively. Male teachers 78.8% and females 89.6% did not know in which medium tooth should be kept, whereas only (7.7%) male and none of female thought that medium should be saliva, and this value was statistically significant (P = 0.035). Conclusion: The prevalence in male was slightly higher than female. We suggest that educational programs should be organized for the schoolteachers, children, and parents to improve their knowledge and timely management of dental trauma.


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