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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2020  |  Volume : 18  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 139-142

Assessment of oral health status in orphanage inmates of north-eastern part of Rajasthan: A descriptive cross-sectional study


1 Department of Public Health Dentistry, Postgraduate Research Institute, Saraswati Dhanwantari Dental College and Hospital, Parbhani, Maharashtra, India
2 Department of Public Health Dentistry, Triveni Institute of Dental Sciences, Hospital and Research Centre, Bilaspur, Chhattisgarh, India
3 Department of Public Health Dentistry, Maitri College of Dentistry and Research Centre, Durg, Chhattisgarh, India
4 Department of Public Health Dentistry, Rungta College of Dental Sciences and Research, Bhilai, Chhattisgarh, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Hunny Sharma
MD 264, Phase 4, Near AIIMS Residential Complex, Kabir Nagar, Raipur - 492 099, Chhattisgarh
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/jiaphd.jiaphd_104_19

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Background: A child is dependent on their parents for care and affection, but, unfortunately, millions of children have to live without parents. Health problems of orphan children can be compromised and directly depend on the living conditions of the institution. Aim: To assess the oral health status in orphanage inmates of north-eastern part of Rajasthan. Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional survey among 1005 orphan children was conducted. The Oral Health Assessment Form for Children, 2013, was used to assess the oral health status of the study participants. IBM SPSS software vs 24 for windows (New York, USA) was used for statistical analysis. To estimate frequency and percentage, descriptive statistics were performed, while the need of inferential statistics necessitated the use of Chi-square test. A P < 0.05 was considered statistically significant. Results: The prevalence of dental caries in primary and permanent dentition was found to be 13.83% and 20.70%, respectively. Comparatively higher prevalence of dental caries was observed in female inmates. Bleeding on probing was detected in 225 (22.39%) participants. While, assessment of fluorotic lesions showed 0.80% with questionable fluorosis, followed by 2.89% with very mild, 2.69% with mild, and 0.40% with moderate fluorosis. Enamel erosion was found in 2.39% of the participants. Abscess was the only oral mucosal lesion found in sulci of 15 (1.49%) study participants. Conclusion: Our study findings showed that there is very limited accessibility and availability of any oral health care for orphanage residents. Children living in Rajasthan orphanages are suffering from dental caries that need to be urgently treated. There was no proof of any dedicated oral health-care services for these orphaned children.


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