Journal of Indian Association of Public Health Dentistry

ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year
: 2015  |  Volume : 13  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 133--137

The association between psychological stress and recurrent aphthous stomatitis among medical and dental student cohorts in an educational setup in India


A Kaleswara Rao1, Sudhakar Vundavalli2, NR Sirisha2, CH Jayasree3, G Sindhura3, D Radhika3 
1 Department of Prosthodontics, Drs. SNR Siddhartha Institute of Dental Sciences, Chinaoutpalli, Gannavarm, Krishna district, Andhra Pradesh
2 Public Health Dentistry, Drs. SNR Siddhartha Institute of Dental Sciences, Chinaoutpalli, Gannavarm, Krishna district, Andhra Pradesh
3 Department of Oral Medicine and Radiology, Drs. SNR Siddhartha Institute of Dental Sciences, Chinaoutpalli, Gannavarm, Krishna district, Andhra Pradesh

Correspondence Address:
Sudhakar Vundavalli
Department of Public Health Dentistry, Drs. SNR Siddhartha Institute of Dental Sciences, Chinaoutpalli, Gannavarm, Krishna district, Andhra Pradesh

Introduction: Aphthous stomatitis is very common, affecting about 20-60% of the normal individuals to some degree. Although its etiology is not well-understood, it is multifactorial, and stress could be one possible triggering factor. Aims: The aim was to assess the prevalence of aphthous stomatitis and its association with psychological stress in both medical and dental graduate students. Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted in 275 medical and dental student cohorts of an educational setup in India. Data were collected using a self-administered questionnaire, information regarding psychological stress, and 1-year period prevalence of aphthous stomatitis was collected. Data analysis was done with SPSS software version 20 (Chicago Inc., IL, USA). Categorical variables were compared using Chi-square test and comparison between mean stress scores and aphthous stomatitis was done with ANOVA and binary logistic regression was done. P ≤0.05 was considered as statistically significant. Results: The prevalence of aphthous stomatitis in the study population was 78.1% and males were more commonly affected than females. Among the student cohorts, final year MBBS and final year BDS students were highly affected than others, which is statistically significant. Conclusions: Stress increases the risk of aphthous stomatitis. Stress management strategies are necessary for medical and dental graduate students.


How to cite this article:
Rao A K, Vundavalli S, Sirisha N R, Jayasree C H, Sindhura G, Radhika D. The association between psychological stress and recurrent aphthous stomatitis among medical and dental student cohorts in an educational setup in India.J Indian Assoc Public Health Dent 2015;13:133-137


How to cite this URL:
Rao A K, Vundavalli S, Sirisha N R, Jayasree C H, Sindhura G, Radhika D. The association between psychological stress and recurrent aphthous stomatitis among medical and dental student cohorts in an educational setup in India. J Indian Assoc Public Health Dent [serial online] 2015 [cited 2019 Oct 14 ];13:133-137
Available from: http://www.jiaphd.org/article.asp?issn=2319-5932;year=2015;volume=13;issue=2;spage=133;epage=137;aulast=Rao;type=0