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Year : 2002  |  Volume : 2  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 11-15

Oral health status in east coastal areas of Chennai, Tamilnadu

1 Lecturer, Dept. of Periodontics, Ragas Dental College & Hospital, Chennai - 119, India
2 Reader, Dept. of Periodontics, Ragas Dental College & Hospital, Chennai - 119, India

Correspondence Address:
B Sendilkumar
Lecturer, Dept. of Periodontics, Ragas Dental College & Hospital, Chennai - 119
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

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A comprehensive oral health survey was conducted in east coastal areas of Chennai. The objectives of this study were to assess the oral health status of the people, to facilitate planning and evaluation of oral health programs. Multi stage stratified samples of all ages were selected from 4 areas of east coastal road. A total of 1170 subjects were examined which constitutes 1.3% of the total population and using WHO 1997 "Oral health survey proforma" oral health information were collected. The results of the study showed that dental caries prevalence in primary dentition was 63.2% and mean dft was 2. In the permanent dentition it was 74.8% with mean DMFT of 4.5. The mean OHI-S score was 2.31 The prevalence of periodontal changes was 74.8%. Only 25% of subjects of East coast area were free from periodontal diseases. Loss of attachment of more than 4mm affected 13% of subjects. The total edentulous subjects were 0.4%. The percentage of fluorosis in various grades was 5.6% and developmental defects of enamel were only 0.3% of the subjects. Extra oral lesions occurred only in 0.8% of the subjects. TMJ symptoms occurred in 9.1 % of the subjects. The various dental treatment needs are as follows:
  1. 34.7% subjects required one surface filling
  2. 27.7% subjects needed 2 surfaces filling
  3. 0.8% subjects needed crown
  4. 9.7% needed pulp care
  5. 24.3% needed extraction of teeth
  6. 56.3% needed cleaning of teeth

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