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Year : 2005  |  Volume : 5  |  Issue : 6  |  Page : 32-35

Prevalence of Malocclusion and Orthodontic Treatment needs among 13-15 Year Old School going Children of Davangere City, Karnataka

Department of Preventive and Community Dentistry, College of Dental Sciences, Davangere - 577004, Karnataka, India

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BACKGROUND : Very few studies are conducted in India to know the prevalence and treatment needs for malocclusion using Dental Aesthetic Index (DAI). OBJECTIVE : The purpose of this study was to evaluate prevalence of malocclusion and need for orthodontic treatment in a sample of 13-15 year old school children in Davangere city. METHODOLOGY : The study was carried out on 300 school children of Davangere city using Dental Aesthetic Index. Type ill examination recommended by American Dental Association was used. RESULTS :the mean DAI score of the whole series was 23.7 (range 13-47). The distribution of the four DAI grade was : DAI 1 no abnormality or minor malocclusion 61.3%, DAI 2 definite malocclusion 24.3%, DAI 3 severe malocclusion 10.7%, DAI 4 very severe or disabling malocclusion 3.7%. There was no statistically significant differences in DAI scores between gender. CONCLUSION : This present study shows the 38.7% of the children examined had malocclusion which requires treatment.

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