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Year : 2006  |  Volume : 4  |  Issue : 8  |  Page : 31-37

Oral Health Status and Treatment Needs Among Adult Diabetic and Non Diabetic Patients in Bangalore City (A Comparative Study)

1 Dept. of Community Dentistry, Century International Institute of Dental Sciences and Research Centre, Poinachi, P.O. Thekkil-671541, Kasargod district, India
2 Dept. of Community Dentistry, Gavt. Dental College, Bangalore-560002, India

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Diabetes Mellitus is one of the major chronic health problems facing the world today. Its implication on oral health is very well documented. Aims and objectives: To determine the prevalence of dental caries, DMFf level and treatment needs; the periodontal status and treatment needs using the CPITN and to plan an appropriate preventive programme feasible, in a group of adult diabetic patients attending out-patient department in the Bangalore Hospital, Bangalore. Materials and methods: The study consisted of diabetics (n = 250, males -150, females-H)()) and a control group, matched by age and sex (n = 250, males-143, females- 107) Examination was conducted as per WHO criteria. Results: DMFT level/scores were high in control group than in diabetics; decay component (DT) and filled component (FI) was lower in diabetics than in control; while missing component (MT) was higher in diabetics than in controls. Regarding CPITN, mean number of missing sextants were higher in diabetics. Pathologic pockets of 6 mm or more were found in 3.9 and 4.1 sextants in 60 years and above, in diabetic and control group respectively. Discussion and conclusion: Oral hygiene instructions were required for all the diabetics and most of the control whereas, scaling was required for most of them in both the groups. In this study 60% of diabetics and 41.2% of control needed complex treatment.

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