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Year : 2007  |  Volume : 5  |  Issue : 10  |  Page : 57-65

Initial Impact of Health Education Program on Oral Health, Knowledge and awareness among 15-year-old Children of Governent High School, Sarakki, Bangalore

The Oxford Dental College, Hospital and Research Centre, Hosur Rood, Bangalore - 560 068

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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

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Oral health educational programs have been reported to have a variable impact on the oral health status of program participants. This study reports the initial impact of an educational health program conducted on 15-year-old children. The objectives of this 4-week study were to determine the initial impact of oral health education program on gingival health (gingivitis and plaque) and to assess the Oral Health knowledge and awareness before and after health education. During the 4 week program (prior to initiation of education program) a questionnaire survey (10 questions) and the whole mouth clinical examination was done by a calibrated examiner at baseline and 4 week later using Loe-Silness Gingival Index (GI) and Turesky's Modification of Quigley-Hein Plaque index (PI). The participants were intervened with health education. The primary efficacy analysis was based on the change from baseline for 54 subjects who were enrolled at baseline, participated in the educational program, and were examined 4 weeks later. In the present study, at baseline the mean gingival index score was 1.33, while 4 weeks later the mean score 0.96. This reduction of 0.37 units of gingival index score was statistically significant with p < 0.001. The mean plaque index score at baseline was 1.71, while 4 weeks later the mean plaque index was 1.21. This reduction of 0.30 units of plaque index score was statistically significant with p < 0.001. Tooth brushing monitoring chart was distributed to all the students to monitor their brushing habits. Collectively, these data support the role of the educational program in promoting improved oral health in these children over a one-month period.

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