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Year : 2007  |  Volume : 5  |  Issue : 10  |  Page : 66-70

Plasma Pyrolysis - An Innovation in Biomedical Waste Disposal - {A Review)

Department of Community Dentistry, Sri Sai College of Dental Surgery, Vikarabad, India

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With the phenomenal increase in the large number of hospitals in the Government and the Private Sector, both in the urban and rural areas, biomedical waste disposal strategies form a critical part of total waste management as any failure in this aspect will have hazardous consequences. The traditional systems of biomedical waste disposal i.e. incineration, sterilization (autoclave/microwave) in recent times are shown to have public opposition and positive correlation with Ground Water contamination have resulted in this option steadily going out of favours. Thus, any strategy adopted should have a scientific basis. Thus, a more methodological and scientific approach has come in to existence i.e. plasma pyrolysis. Plasma pyrolysis technology is a state of art technology for safe disposal of biomedical waste, has been developed by FCIPT, Gujarat, India. It is an environment friendly technology which converts organic waste in to commercially useful by products. This innovative technology has proven to outstand the demerits of the conventional waste disposal techniques by destroying the thermally table spores with least residue of pollutants (dioxins, furans, etc.). Its scope includes the possibility of Energy recovery from the hospital waste destroyed.

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