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Year : 2007  |  Volume : 5  |  Issue : 9  |  Page : 18-26

Periodontal Treatment Needs in 12-16 Year Old Children in Bangalore District (A Comparative Study)

1 Dept. of Community Dentistry, Century International Institute of Dental Sciences and Research Centre, Poinachi, P.O. Thekkil-671541, Kasargod district, India
2 Dept. of Community Dentistry, Govt. Dental College, Bangalore-560002, India

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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

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The universality of periodontal disease is well established. Aims and objecdves: To assess the periodontal status and treatment needs in 12-16 year old children in Bangalore district; to know about their oral hygiene measures practices; and to plan a preventive programme feasible. Materials And Methods: The study consisted of 1600 children (12-16 years) of which 1200 (males 609, females - 591) were from Bangalore (urban) and 400 (males - 203, females - 197) were from Anekal Taluk (rural). Examination was conducted as per the WHO criteria. CPITN was used to assess the periodontal status the treatment needs. Results: CPITN code 2 was the most prevalent condition. Statistically significant differences existed between urban and rural children for ages 12-16 years and for the CPITN codes 0,1,2 and 3 when CPITN recordings were expressed as prevalence, means, cumulative frequency and treatment needs. Most of them needed treatment Need 1 followed by TN 2. Oral hygiene practices were similar in urban and rural children. Discussion and conclusion: Dental health education is the need of the hour. The stress on primary prevention, training of school teachers and support from the dental professionals should help in reducing the prevalence and severity of periodontal disease in children to a greater extent.

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