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Year : 2008  |  Volume : 6  |  Issue : 12  |  Page : 45-51

Prevalence of Oral Mucosal Lesions in Tobacco and Alcohol using Population of Lucknow City: A Hospital Based Pilot Study

Department of Preventive & Community Dentistry, Sardar Patel Post Graduate Institute of Dental & Medical Sciences, Lucknow, India

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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

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Background: India has one of the highest rates of oral cancer in the world, partly attributed to high prevalence of tobacco chewing. Objective: To collect the baseline data of the prevalence of oral mucosal lesions in tobacco & alcohol consuming population of Lucknow city. Methods: A hospital based cross sectional study was conducted & two hundred fourteen (214) persons were examined by a single examiner for the presence of oral mucosal lesions & conditions according to WHO criteria. A specially designed questionnaire was used to gather subject's demographic information, education, occupation, details about habits of smoking, chewing tobacco & alcoholism in terms of type & frequency. Results: The overall prevalence of oral mucosal lesions in the study population was 43.5%. Among professionals, supervisors & officers, the prevalence of oral mucosal lesions (OMLs) was significantly lower (20%) as compared to that in other occupation categories. Among illiterates, the prevalence of OMLs was significantly higher (65.4%) as compared to other education categories whereas among those educated upto college the prevalence of OMLs was significantly lower (35.3%). Those with high frequency of tobacco use had significantly higher prevalence of lesions as compared to those using it less frequently. Stomatitis nicotina palati (SP) was the most frequently encountered lesion among individuals who were smoking only while oral submucous fibrosis (OSMF) was the most common presentation among persons who chews tobacco only. Conclusion: The most prevalent adverse habit was of chewing tobacco. The reported prevalence of oral mucosal lesions in study population was 43.5%. Out of that the most frequently encountered lesion was OSMF & the most commonly affected site was buccal mucosa. Large scale studies are further required on Indian population to assess the overall significance of the findings.

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