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Year : 2009  |  Volume : 7  |  Issue : 13  |  Page : 18-24

Knowledge, Attitude and Practice amongst dentists' in Pune towards Primary Preventive Measures for Dental Caries - A Questionnaire Study

Department of Public Health Dentistry, Dr. D.Y. Patil Dental College and HospitaPune-411018, Maharashtra, India

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Objectives: The study was carried out to assess knowledge, attitude and practices amongst dentists' in Pune towards primary preventive measures for dental caries. Materials and methods: Data was collected using a 18 item pre-tested, close ended, self-administered questionnaire. 500, registered dentists' were selected but only 274 dentists' responded (response rate=55%). Chi-square test, ANOVA and regression model was used for statistical analysis. Results: The mean percentage of correct knowledge was 73.84%, favourable attitude was 75.66% and desirable practise was 82.56%. Overall, the knowledge about use of fluorides, chlorhexidine and importance of parents and siblings caries activity was relatively less. The most unfavourable attitude noted was performing caries activity tests (58.4%) and the most undesirable practice noted was regarding non-prescription of fluoride mouthwash (51.1%) and dentifrices of varying concentration to their patients (52.2%). However, dentists' tended to emphasize more on the effectiveness of brushing (86.5%), recall reinforcement (88.3%) and diet counselling (85.4%). Analysis showed that older graduates were having less knowledge (p=0.004) and unfavorable attitude (p = 0.038) as compared to the recent graduates. Conclusion: Efforts are needed to enhance the level of knowledge and attitude of dentists and focus on strategies to educate and enforce the use of preventive dentistry.

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