Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None
Objectives: The aim of the present study was to assess the oral health status and treatment needs among bank employees in Bangalore city. The possible association of stress in the pathogenesis of any oral disease was investigated.
Methodology: The study participants consisted of 1312 bank employees belonging to different age groups selected randomly from various banks. The participants were interviewed to asses their dietary habits, lifestyle habits and oral hygiene practices. The occupational stress levels in the subjects were evaluated using a stress related questionnaire. The oral health status and treatment needs were recorded using standard WHO proforma 1997 [modified].
Results: The results of the survey indicated that majority of the bank employees were moderately stressed out (69.1%) due to their nature of work. The stress levels exhibited by the subjects were associated with development of periodontal disease and dental caries. There was a positive correlation found between the increase in age and progression of periodontal disease (p 0.001) and dental caries (p 0.001).
Conclusion: The results of the study provided evidence to understand that the bank employees find very little time to relax during their busy work schedule. The cumulative effect of oral diseases like dental caries and periodontal disease was greater. Necessary changes have to be advocated at work place to reduce abnormal stress and provide this vulnerable group a harmonious environment devoid of abnormal stress so that the initiation and progression of oral diseases is intercepted at the earliest for the achievement of optimal oral health status.