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ARTICLE
Year : 2010  |  Volume : 8  |  Issue : 15  |  Page : 121-125

Association of feeding patterns and oral hygiene practices with early childhood caries in 3-6 year old children in Moradabad city



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Early Childhood Caries (ECC) is a particularly destructive form of tooth decay that afflicts young children. Factors like feeding practices and oral hygiene measures play a key role in initiation and progression of Early Childhood Caries. The aim of this study was to focus on the recognition of feeding practices (breast and bottle) and oral hygiene practices as a risk factor for early childhood caries. A total of 1300 children in the age group of 3-6 years were examined using deft index. To determine feeding and oral hygiene measures, a self- formulated questionnaire was used. Results revealed that, out of 1053 subjects enrolled and examined for caries (deft), majority 731 (69.4%) had no caries while 322 (30.6%) had evidence of caries in one or more teeth. Amongst the children having evidence of caries, the mean number of decayed teeth was 3.29ζ2.93, mean number of missing teeth was 0.12ζ0.50, mean number of filled teeth was 0.10ζ0.39. Among the feeding practices bottle feeding predicted the risk for ECC and Breast feeding did not show any association with ECC. Improper oral hygiene practices also proved to be significant risk factor for ECC.


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