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Year : 2010  |  Volume : 8  |  Issue : 15  |  Page : 153-158

Periodontal Status, Prosthetic Status and Prosthetic Needs Among Institutionalized Geriatric Individuals in Vadodara City, Gujarat - A Descriptive Study

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Objectives: A cross sectional study was conducted to assess the periodontal status, Prosthetic status and prosthetic needs of institutionalized geriatric individuals in Vadodara city, Gujarat. Materials & Methods: All the geriatric individuals residing in three institutions of Vadodara were included in the study. A total of 141 individuals were surveyed of which 65 were females and 76 were males. The data was collected by using the WHO 1997 methodology. Results: It was noticed that 26.24% of the study subjects were edentulous. 17% of the study subjects had prosthesis at the time of examination, but the need for prosthesis was found to be 87.9%. 70.21% needed prosthesis in both jaws ,7.8% in upper jaw and 9.9% in lower jaw. Shallow and deep pockets (CPI scores of 3 and 4) were found in 38.4% and 14.4% individuals respectively. 43.2% of the study subjects were having calculus. 69.5% of the study subjects had loss of attachment, of which 51.06% had loss of attachment of 4-5mm, 11.34% had 6-8 mm and 7.09% had 8-11mm. Conclusions: It is concluded that the periodontal and prosthetic status of the institutionalized geriatric individuals in Vadodara city is poor with a greater deficit between the needs and services availability. Hence better care and attention to these individuals from the health care authorities is recommended.

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