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ARTICLE
Year : 2010  |  Volume : 8  |  Issue : 15  |  Page : 159-163

Oral Health Status of Visually Impaired Individuals of Bhopal City, India



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Background: Oral health and quality oral health care contribute to holistic health, which should be a right rather than a privilege, and that is why individuals with disabilities deserve the same opportunities for dental services as those who are healthy. Visual impairment is a condition that might limit an individual's ability to perform all the functions to the fullest extent with his or own efforts. Aim & Objective : The study was instituted to investigate the oral health status of institutionalized visually impaired individuals in Bhopal city, India. Material & Methods: This was a cross-sectional study conducted in all the visually impaired institutes in Bhopal city. Data was obtained by using two methods, interview and clinical examination. An interview was conducted using a proforma, in which age, sex, gender, oral hygiene practices, sugar intake of the participants, visit to dentist were recorded. Clinical examination was done using WHO oral health assessment form (1997). Results: A total number of 92 subjects, whose age ranged from 8 to 26 years were interviewed and examined. Majority of participants used a toothbrush (93%) and toothpaste (85%).On clinical examination 59% subjects had carious teeth with mean DMFT/dmft 1.82(2.431)/0.14(0.806). Calculus was present in 61% of the subjects. Conclusion : Study showed poor oral health among institutionalized visually impaired individuals.


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