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Year : 2010  |  Volume : 8  |  Issue : 15  |  Page : 23-27

An overview of Superior Labial Frenum (A significant anatomical landmark).

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Background: Superior labial frenum is an anatomical structure whose function is to provide stability and support for the upper lip. Aim: The aim of the present paper was to present an overview of superior labial frenum. Method: The overview was completed by the systematic review of 23 papers retrieved from Pubmed database. The overview was presented under eight different headings: Embryological development, Diverse frenum morphology, Torn labial frenum as a diagnostic of physical child abuse, Frenum as a site for oral jewelry, Frenum abnormalities - a clinical marker of syndromic and non-Syndromic condition, Tight labial frenum- Its Impact On Breast Feeding, Frenum - an etiological factor of midline diastema and Abnormal fraenal attachment and its associated effects. Conclusion: The review indicates that superior labial frenum is a significant anatomical landmark, has diverse morphology, can be used as an indicator of abuse and syndromic / non-syndromic conditions and that the abnormal frenum can have negative consequences in the oral cavity. In community surveys it can serve as an important diagnostic marker.

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