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ARTICLE
Year : 2010  |  Volume : 8  |  Issue : 15  |  Page : 45-48

Relationship between Dentition status and Body Mass Index among 5 to 15 years old age group children of an orphanage in Nellore city



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Aim: To determine the relationship between caries prevalence and body mass index-for-age among children of an orphanage in Nellore city. Introduction: Childhood exposure to environment factors during the post natal life, primarily via dietary intake, will slowly begin to condition adult susceptibility to disease both positively and negatively. Thus, the claimed eating pattern may be a risk factor in common for weight and dental caries. Here an attempt is made to investigate the association between caries frequency and body mass index-for-age in children. Materials and Methods: A cross sectional study was undertaken among 5-15 year age group children (n = 134) of an orphanage and were examined for dentition status using WHO oral health assessment form 1997; and their body mass index was calculated by measuring weight and height. Statistical analysis was done by using SPSS 14. Results: Mean values of DMFT and BMI for 5-15 year age group children were 1.39 1.88 and 19.12 3.46 respectively. Mean DMFT scores for boys was 1.51 2.17 and for girls was 13.1 1.67 and Mean BMI values for boys was 18.7 2.65 and for girls was 19.58 4.15. Correlation between the DMFT and BMI for entire sample was negatively correlated (r = − 0.12). Negative correlation between DMFT and BMI for girls was found (r = − 0.14), similarly boys also showed negative correlation (r = − 0.10). Conclusion: Although it was hypothesized that body mass index would be associated with increased caries, this association was not found. Rather a negative correlation was found between mean BMI and mean DMFT. No significant differences in body mass index as well as dental caries between boys and girls were observed.


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