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Year : 2010  |  Volume : 8  |  Issue : 16  |  Page : 66-71

Oral cancer prevalence, assessment of various risk factors among oral cancer patients attending Kidwai Memorial Institute of Oncology, Bangalore

1 Senior I.ecturer, Dept. of Preventive and Community Dentistry,Sardar Patel Post Graduate Institute of Medical and Dental Sciences,Rae Bareily Road, Lucknow, India
2 Senior I.ecturer, Dept. of Preventive and Community Dentistry,Sardar Patel Post Gradunte Institute of Mediacal and Dental Sciences, Rae Bareily Road, Lucknow, India

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Background: Cancers of the oral cavity and pharynx cause more deaths than all other oro-facial diseases and disorders combined, yet they have not always received adequate attention from the medical and dental communities. Objectives : i) To find out the prevalence of oral cancer in relation to frequent site of occurrence, ii) To find out the various risk factors associated with oral cancer and iii) To recommend appropriate preventive measures. Methodology: Observational cross-sectional study of oral cancer prevalence among oral cancer patients attending Kidwai Memorial Institute of Oncology (KMIO), Bangalore, Karnataka, India was undertaken. All the oral cancer patients reporting between January 1, 2004 and December 31, 2004 were included in the study. The data was collected through a pre-tested questionnaire from the hospital cancer registry. Categorical data was analysed using Chi-square test. Results: The study population constituted total of 543 patients with 61.5% females and 38.5% males. Oral cancer accounted for 9.5% of the total cancer patients with 60.1% females and 39.9% males. The mean age of patients was 54.58 years. Majority of patients were illiterates (76.4%), belonged to unskilled group (75%), with low family income (95.4%) from rural areas (53.1%). Most patients had the habit of using smokeless tobacco (73.2%) with more number of females (75.5%). Carcinoma of buccal mucosa (40.4%) was the most common oral cancer with significantly higher proportion of females. Conclusion: The study findings suggest that prevalence of oral cancer is high among tobacco users especi.ally among women and there is an urgent need to implement and sustain appropriate preventive measures and oral cancer screening programmes for the community.

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