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Year : 2011  |  Volume : 9  |  Issue : 17  |  Page : 140-144

Assessment of Caries Status Among School Children of Moradabad City Using the International Caries Detection and Assessment System (ICDAS)

Dept. of Public Health Dentistry Kothiwal Dental College & Research centre Kanth Road, Moradabad-244001, Uttar Pratksh, India

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Background: Numerous studies have assessed the caries among children, but very little work has been carried out to assess caries at non-cavitated stage. Recently, a new method- "ICDAS", has been developed which differentiates between non-cavitated and cavitated lesions. Objective: To assess the caries status among school children of Moradabad city using International Caries Detection and Assessment System (ICDAS). Methods: Multistage random sampling was used. For a total of 1933 school children, socio-demographic factors were assessed using a standardized questionnaire. Caries level was assessed using International Caries Detection and Assessment System. The investigator was calibrated before the start of the survey and intra-examiner reliability was tested in order to limit the variability. Results: Out of 1933 children examined, 1109 were males and 824 were females. There was a highly significant correlation Oral Hygiene Status with DMFf score (P = 0.000). An increase in the prevalence of caries was seen with advancing age. ICDAS code 2 type of carious lesion was found to be most common followed by ICADS code 3 type carious lesions Conclusion: It was found that a number of factors such as Socio-economic status, Oral hygiene status, and mother's level of education as potential risk factors for development of carious lesion. Using the International Caries Detection and Assessment System, the study provides earliest information to prevent canes.

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