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Year : 2011  |  Volume : 9  |  Issue : 17  |  Page : 14-20

To Determine the Relationship between Oral Hygiene and Gingival Status With Socia- economic Status among School going Children of Belgaum City aged 12 to 15 Years

Dept of Prosthodontics, ACPM Dental College, Dhule-424001, India

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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

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Background and objectives: Oral health is a part of general health and hence has a direct bearing on the total well-being of individuals. The present study was designed to detennine the relationship between Oral Hygiene and Gingival Status with Socio- economic Status among school going children of Belgaum city aged 12 to 15 years. Methodology: A cross sectional survey was conducted among 5752 school children aged 12 to 15 years, belonging to various socioeconomic classes from Class I to Class V. Oral Hygiene Status and Gingival Status was assessed according to OHI-S and Gingival Indices respectively. Results: Majority of the children from upper SES had good oral hygiene (Mean (SD) 0.67 ± 0.38), oral hygiene gradually deteriorated from upper SES to lower SES (Mean (SD) 2.93 ± 1.11). Similarly upper SES children had lesser GI score (Mean (SD) 0.09 ± 0.15) compared to middle and lower (Mean (SD) 1.42 ±0.63) SES groups. Mean OHI-S score for males (1.82 ± 0.79) and females (1.18 ± 0.83) shows females had good oral hygiene compared to males this difference is statistically significant (Z = 28.68, p < 0.001). Interpretation and Conclusions: The study revealed that SES, age, sex and brushing frequency were significantly associated with oral hygiene status and gingival health.

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