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ARTICLE
Year : 2011  |  Volume : 9  |  Issue : 17  |  Page : 44-50

Dental caries experience and periodontal status of police personnel in Ghaziabad city


1 Dept.of Public Heath Dentistry, I.T.S Centre for Dental Studies & Research, Delhi-Meerut Road, Muradnagar, Ghaziahad 201206 (U.P.), India
2 Dept. of Periodontics, I.T.S Centre for Dental Studies & Research, Delhi-Meerut Road, Muradnagar, Ghaziahad 201206 (U.P.), India
3 Dept. of Public Health Dentistry, I.T.S Centre for Dental Studies & Research, Delhi-Meerut Road, Muradnagar, Ghaziahad 201206 (U.P.), India

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Background Police personnel as an occupational group endure particularly high levels of stress with busy work schedule. The physiological, psychological and behavioural effects of stress in police can be severe which is a matter of great concern is. The irregular shifts in their work schedule leads to neglecting or skipping of their regular diet, sleep and indulging into adverse habits, which might affect their general as well as oral health. Aim and objectives To assess the dental caries experience and periodontal status of police personnel in Ghaziabad city and to suggest measures to improve the present oral health status. Material & methods Study was conducted in 8 police stations. All the subjects present in these police stations on the days of examination were included. A total of 472 (Male - 444, Female - 28) police personnel was examined with mean age 41.92. Data was recorded in modified WHO proforma. Results The results show that the prevalence of periodontal disease was 82.2% with loss of attachment present in 52.5% and was directly associated with age (as LOA in 21-30 yrs age present in 37% which is very less compared to 80% in age of 51 and above) and also associated with year of service personnel served in police. Prevalence of Dental caries was 67.4% with mean DMFf = 3.19, which is directly with age (due to the M component present is high (74%) in 51 and above and low (30%) in to 30 yrs and also associated with year of service (again due to M component present is high in personnel served for more yrs. One or the other adverse habits was present in almost all the police personnel (83.6%). Conclusion It was concluded that most of the police personnel are suffering from periodontal disease and its prevalence increases with their age and year of services. Prevalence of Caries is also found to be high and increasing with age as the missing component is found to be increasing. Health authorities should strengthen the implementation of community-based oral disease prevention and health promotion programmes to this group.


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