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Year : 2011  |  Volume : 9  |  Issue : 17  |  Page : 69-73

Dental Caries And Gingivitis in βThalassemia Major Subjects in Jaipur City, Rajasthan

1 Department of Preventive & Community Dentistry, Panineeya Mahavidyalaya Institute for Dental Sciences & Research Centre, Hyderabad
2 Department of Preventive & Community Dentistry, Darshan Dental College and Hospital,
3 Department of Preventive & Community Dentistry, Darshan Dental College and Hospital,Udaipur, Rajasthan, India. 313001

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Aims and objective: To determine whether a-Thalassemia major is associated with an increase in the severity of gingivitis and dental caries. Material &Methods: A total of 82 Thalassemia patients and 82 healthy controls (age group 6-15 yrs & 16-25 yrs.)were examined for Dental caries and gingivitis using DMFT and Loe and Silness gingival index (GI), respectively. Results: There was significant differences in GI between both Thalassemic subjects and healthy control groups (P < 0.05). Dental caries was significantly higher in thalassemia patients group (P < 0.0001) compared to the healthy controls. Mean DMFT and GI was 6.89 ± 2.65 & 2.28 ± 2.50 respectively while it was 4.46 ± 3.62 and 1.15 ± .957 in healthy control group. Conclusion: Dental caries and Gingivitis was found higher among Thalassemic subjects when compared with Healthy control group.

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