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Year : 2011  |  Volume : 9  |  Issue : 18  |  Page : 112-116

Oral health status and treatment needs of Lambanis in Gadag District (an epidemiological study)

1 Professor, Dept. of Public Health Dentistry, Rama Dental College and Hospital, Kanpur, India
2 Professor and Head, Dept. of Public Health Dentistry, JSS Dental College and Hospital, Bengaluru, India

Correspondence Address:
C Jyothi
Professor, Dept. of Public Health Dentistry, Rama Dental College and Hospital, Kanpur
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

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Background: Dental caries has afflicted man since agriculture replaced hunting and gathering. Man became more dependent on plant food. However, the prevalence of caries was considerably less in ancient times that of today. Objective: To assess the oral health status and treatment needs of Lambanis and to suggest measures for improving their oral health status. Methods: All the available population were examined in their habitat. A total of 554 Lambanis and 205 Nonlambanis. Examination was done in natural day light using mouth mirror and CPITN probe. Data was recorded in printed WHO oral health assessment form (1997) modified. Information about oral hygiene practices, diet, and habits was collected through interviews. Results: The DMFT value was 0.79 in Lambanis and 1.55 in NonLambanis. The prevalence of periodontal diseases was 56.67% and 48.29% respectively. The difference was not statistically significant (p<0.05). The Treatment needs of both Lambanis and NonLambanis are high. Oral hygiene practice followed by NonLambanis was much better than Lambanis. It is interesting to find that 18.38% of Lambani females consume alcohol, which may be due to their cultural beliefs, customs and illiteracy.

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