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ARTICLE
Year : 2011  |  Volume : 9  |  Issue : 18  |  Page : 121-130

Prevalence of oral submucous fibrosis among people in Periurban Areas of Lucknow City, U.P.


1 Professor and Head, Dept. of Preventive and Community Dentistry, B.B.D. Dental College and Research Centre, Lucknow, India
2 P.G. Student, Dept. of Preventive and Community Dentistry, B.B.D. Dental College and Research Centre, Lucknow, India

Correspondence Address:
P Anuradha
Professor and Head, Dept. of Preventive and Community Dentistry, B.B.D. Dental College and Research Centre, Lucknow
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


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Objectives: The purpose of this study is to assess the prevalence of oral submucous fibrosis among people in periurban areas in the city of Lucknow, aged 15 years and above. Material & Methods: A descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted to access the prevalence of oral submucous fibrosis in peri-urban areas of Lucknow city, among 1000 subjects using a multistage random sampling technique. Subjects were interviewed with the help of a pretested proforma. The clinical diagnosis of OSMF was made when patient showed characterstic features of OSMF, including intolerance to spicy foods, blanching and stiffness of the oral mucosa, presence of palpable bands in the buccal or labial mucosa and difficulty in mouth opening and protruding the tongue. The statistical analysis was done with SPSS software version I1.5. Results: The prevalence of oral submucous fibrosis in the study population was 4.2%. Maximum numbers of oral submucous fibrosis diagnosed subjects were males 34(81.0%). In the study population, 62 (6.2%) had difficulty in tongue mobility, 69 (6.9%) had difficulty in mouth opening, 48 (4.8%) had blanching & stiffness of oral mucosa and 42 (4.2%) had presence of fibrous bands. Among the 42 subjects dignosed with oral submucous fibrosis, all the symptoms were present. Conclusion: The observations and findings of the study clearly indicate that prevalence of OSMF among study population of the peri-urban areas of Lucknow is on the rise. Preventive measures like awareness programs should be started as early as possible.


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