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ARTICLE
Year : 2011  |  Volume : 9  |  Issue : 18  |  Page : 131-136

Oral health status of 9-11 year old government school children of Bengaluru City - A cross sectional survey


1 Reader, Dept. of Preventive and Community Dentistry, Rajarajeswari Dental College, Bengaluru, India
2 Dean cum Director, Professor and Head, Govt. Dental College and Research Institute, Bengaluru, India
3 Professor and Head, Dept. of Preventive and Community Dentistry, M.S Ramaiah Dental College, Bengaluru, India

Correspondence Address:
C N Aruna
Reader, Dept. of Preventive and Community Dentistry, Rajarajeswari Dental College, Bengaluru
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


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Background: Oral diseases are highly prevalent among children and their consequences are harsh resulting in chronic pain, missed school days, poor nutrition and poor self esteem. Hence the present study was conducted to assess the oral health status of school children which would help in planning and implementing necessary preventive measures. Aims and Objectives: Aim of the study- To assess the oral health status of 9-11 year old government school children of Bangalore city. Objectives- To assess the prevalence of dental caries, gingival status, plaque accumulation and dental fluorosis among school children using DMFT and deft indices, Loe and sillness index,. Modified Quigley-hein plaque index and Dean's fluorosis index respectively. Material and Methods: A school based survey was conducted using stratified random cluster sampling technique among 8 government schools of Bangalore city. Study population comprised of 1217 school children aged 9-11 years. Results: Overall caries experience was 64.9% with no gender predilection. Mean GI score was 1.58 and PI score was 1.63 & children with oral hygiene practices like use of toothbrush & twice daily brushing had significantly lower Gingival and plaque index scores. Only 12% of the children had dental fluorosis. Conclusion: It can be concluded that there is great need of oral health assessment and providing dental health education at an early age including school based preventive programmes, which would help in improving dental behaviour and attitude which is beneficial for lifetime.


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