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ARTICLE
Year : 2011  |  Volume : 9  |  Issue : 18  |  Page : 154-158

Art and science of questionnaire development


1 Professor and Head, Dept. of Public Health Dentistry, M.S Ramaiah Dental College and Hospital. Bengaluru, India
2 P.G. Students, Dept. of Public Health Dentistry, M.S Ramaiah Dental College and Hospital. Bengaluru, India

Correspondence Address:
K Pushpanjali
Professor and Head, Dept. of Public Health Dentistry, M.S Ramaiah Dental College and Hospital. Bengaluru
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


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Research process comprises of various steps in which the method of data collection is one of the important steps in the research process. Questionnaire is the frequently used tool in surveys for data collection. The two issues one has to consider in research are the accuracy and practicality. Basic steps involved in questionnaire development are listing the key variables, deciding on the information required, determining the sequence of questions, determining the types of questions, presenting and pretesting the questionnaire. Questionnaire development is both an art and a science. Presentation and layout forms the art part of questionnaire; formulating questions, sequencing questions and pretesting forms the science part of the questionnaire. To be a successful tool, researcher has to follow all above mentioned steps diligently followed by pretesting of questionnaire. Pretesting involves checking reliability, validity and practicality. Revisions are made accordingly before administering tool in main study.


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