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ARTICLE
Year : 2011  |  Volume : 9  |  Issue : 18  |  Page : 187-192

Case control study on caries rampant adult patients in India


1 Professor and Head, Dept. of Community Dentistry, Sibar Dental College, Guntur, A.P, India
2 Reader, Dept. of Community Dentistry, Sri Sai College of Dental Surgery, Vikarabad, RR Dist, A.P, India
3 Assistant Professor, Dept. of Oral Medicine and Radiology, St Joseph Dental College, Eluru, India
4 Associate Professor, Dept. of Oral Medicine and Radiology, St Joseph Dental College, Eluru, India

Correspondence Address:
P Srinivas
Professor and Head, Dept. of Community Dentistry, Sibar Dental College, Guntur, A.P
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


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Background: Rampant type of dental caries is observed in healthy adult patients who have no relevant medical or drug history which involves more than 1/3rd of the dentition. Objective: To assess the various risk indicators associated with dental caries in caries rampant adult patients who are visiting outpatient department of St Joseph Dental College, India. Methods Design: Case-control study. Setting: Out patient department of St Joseph Dental College, Eluru, India. Participants: A sample of 224 patients out of which 112 were cases and 112 were controls. Method of data collection: Data collected by using a questionnaire for preliminary data, clinical examination and blood investigation. Results: The mean DMFT for cases and controls is 20.38 and 3.2. Among the factors considered in this study, Significant associations with dental caries experience was found with only two factors such as stimulated salivary flow rate and haemoglobin levels Conclusions: Stimulated salivary flow rate and haemoglobin levels are inversely proportional to caries experience. Well designed longitudinal follow up study is needed to confirm risk factors for rampant type caries in this population groups.


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