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ARTICLE
Year : 2011  |  Volume : 9  |  Issue : 18  |  Page : 198-202

Oral health related quality of life in pregnancy: A systematic review


1 Professor and Head, Dept. of Public Health Dentistry, M. R. Ambedkar Dental College and Hospital, Bengaluru, India
2 P.G. Students, Dept. of Public Health Dentistry, M. R. Ambedkar Dental College and Hospital, Bengaluru, India
3 Reader, Dept. of Public Health Dentistry, M. R. Ambedkar Dental College and Hospital, Bengaluru, India
4 Senior Lecturer, Dept. of Public Health Dentistry, M. R. Ambedkar Dental College and Hospital, Bengaluru, India

Correspondence Address:
M Pramila
Professor and Head, Dept. of Public Health Dentistry, M. R. Ambedkar Dental College and Hospital, Bengaluru
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


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This study was conducted in order to identify the literature on pregnancy & oral health related quality of life, review the findings systematically, and assess the association between them. A literature search was performed of reports published till date, using three databases including Pubmed/ Medline & Cochrane library. Only studies that have assessed oral health related quality of life (OHRQoL) in pregnancy with six validated generic OHRQoL instruments were selected. The reviewers evaluated selected articles independently and selected articles respectively with agreement out of 45 articles. All the four were cross-sectional studies, selected for review showed a significant impact of pregnancy on OHRQoL. Observational studies were concerned mainly with the number of permanent teeth, use and type of prosthesis, presence of untreated carious lesions, oral pain, periodontal health and gingivitis. Painful mouth, difficulty in eating, oral pain, cleaning teeth, bleeding gums contributed to reduce OHRQoL during pregnancy. Assessment of OHRQoL in pregnancy with validated instruments remains insufficient. The present findings suggest that pregnancy could affect OHRQoL in some settings, however further evidence is needed to support this interpretation.


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