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ARTICLE
Year : 2011  |  Volume : 9  |  Issue : 18  |  Page : 218-225

Prevalence of various types of malocclusion and treatment needs among high school children aged between 12-15 years in Udupi Taluk, South Karnataka - An epidemiological study


1 Professor and Head, Dept. of Public Health Dentistry, Adesh Institute of Dental Sciences and Research, Bathinda, Punjab, India
2 Reader, Adesh Institute of Dental Sciences and Research, Bathinda, Punjab, India
3 Principal and Head, Dept. of Public Health Dentistry, Coorg Institute of Dental Sciences, Virajpet, Karnataka, India

Correspondence Address:
Jatinder Singh
Professor and Head, Dept. of Public Health Dentistry, Adesh Institute of Dental Sciences and Research, Bathinda, Punjab
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


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Aim: The purpose of this study was to obtain the prevalence of malocclusion traits in school children aged between 12-15 years using IOTN index and also ascertain a specific treatment need based on its severity. Materials and Methods: Assessment of the prevalence of malocclusion and treatment need was done by the examiner using the Dental Health Component (DHC) and Aesthetic Component of IOTN index. Data was fed into the computer and analysed using the SPSS 9.0 version and the Chi-square test. Results: On the whole, 21.6% had DHC Grade 1 and "No treatment" need 31.0% had DHC Grade 2 and "Little treatment" need, 23.8% had DHC Grade 3 and "Moderate treatment" need, 21.9% had DHC 4 and "great treatment' need and 1.7% had DHC Grade 5 and "very great treatment' need.


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