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ARTICLE
Year : 2011  |  Volume : 9  |  Issue : 18  |  Page : 241-245

Influence of academic stress on gingival inflammation and oral hygiene behavior among students in dental institution in Bengaluru


1 P.G. Student, Dept. of Public Health Dentistry, Rajarajeshwari Dental College and Hospital, Bengaluru, India
2 Professor and Head, Dept. of Public Health Dentistry, Rajarajeshwari Dental College and Hospital, Bengaluru, India
3 Reader, Dept. of Public Health Dentistry, Rajarajeshwari Dental College and Hospital, Bengaluru, India

Correspondence Address:
Bhumika KBadiyani
P.G. Student, Dept. of Public Health Dentistry, Rajarajeshwari Dental College and Hospital, Bengaluru
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


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Objective: Stress adversely affects various health behaviours. Oral hygiene behaviour, however has been rarely studied in this context. The present study aims to assess the effects of academic stress on oral hygiene behavior and gingivitis. Design: In a case control design 30 pairs of dental students,each consisting of 1 student participating in a major academic exam (case) and 1 student not participating in any exams (control) were studied. Methods: A professional tooth cleaning was performed 4 weeks prior to exams for obtaining Dental plaque score and gingival scores. Immediately prior to professional tooth cleaning and on the last day of exams plaque levels Dental plaque score and gingival scores were assessed.Self reported oral hygiene behavior was assessed using a multiple-choice questionnaire. Results: No group differences were observed at the beginning of the exam period; however significant higher rates of plaque (P<0.001) and gingivitis (P<0.001) were observed in exam students as compared with controls after exams. Group difference were observed in oral hygiene behavior also. Conclusions: The study illustrates the clinical significance of effects of stress on gingival inflammation and oral hygiene behaviour.


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