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ARTICLE
Year : 2011  |  Volume : 9  |  Issue : 18  |  Page : 26-31

Assessment of oral health status and treatment needs in institutionalized elderly in Bengaluru City


1 Senior Lecturer, Dept. of Public Health Dentistry, Kothiwal Dental College and Research centre, Moradabad, Uttar Pradesh, India
2 Reader, Dept. of Public Health Dentistry, Kothiwal Dental College and Research centre, Moradabad, Uttar Pradesh, India
3 Professor and Head, Dept. of Public Health Dentistry, The Oxford Dental College and Hospital, Bengaluru, India

Correspondence Address:
K F Imran Mohammed Khan
Senior Lecturer, Dept. of Public Health Dentistry, Kothiwal Dental College and Research centre, Moradabad, Uttar Pradesh
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


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Objectives: To determine the oral health status and treatment needs of the Institutionalized elderly people of Bangalore city and to suggest plan to meet their treatment needs. Methods: All the elderly people from 52 old age homes of Bangalore were Clinical examined by criteria describe by WHO basic oral health survey 1997. A total of 1536 elderly population were examined with the age ranged from 65 to 96 years. Results: Total of 1536 elderly people was examined, their mean age for females 77.7 ± 7.22 yrs and for males 75.7 yrs ± 5.24 yrs. Subjects with gingival bleeding and calculus were 28.13% and 26.11%. Percentage of inmates with highest loss of attachment of 6-8 mm was in 17.60%, followed by 4-5 mm in 11.60%. More than 37% of the elderly people require some form of periodontal treatment and the total Mean DMFT per person was found to be 22.8. With respect to prosthetic status Number and percentage of subjects with full prosthesis were 7.3% in upper and 13.7% in lower jaw, partial denture were seen in 12.43% of upper and 12.83% in lower jaw, With respect to Prosthetic Needs Number and percentage of subjects requiring both upper and lower full prosthesis were 23.6% elderly people. Conclusion: The oral health of institutionalized elderly people in Bangalore is poor. Special training of dentists and caregivers who work in old age homes, and development of special care programmes must be evolved.


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